In history, animals, people and objects have been reproduced in a three-dimensional way, for different purposes, religious, sexual, to help in hunt, to bring crops, etc. All these representations we can catalog as sculptures.

The earliest reproductions found at prehistorical sites were animals carved in bone or clay. They originate from the same timeframe as sculptures of woman in favour of maternity - Venus of Willendorf or Venus of Lespugue.